What is Neurology?

Neurology (from Greek: νεῦρον, neuron, and the suffix -λογία -logia “study of“) is a branch of medicine dealing with disorders of the nervous system. Neurology deals with the diagnosis and treatment of all categories of conditions and disease involving the central and peripheral nervous system (and its subdivisions, the autonomic nervous system and the somatic nervous system); including their coverings, blood vessels, and all effector tissue, such as muscle. Neurological practice relies heavily on the field of neuroscience, which is the scientific study of the nervous system.

People who are having problems with their senses, such as touch, vision, or smell, may also need to see a neurologist. Problems with senses are sometimes caused by nervous system disorders.

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A neurologist is a physician specializing in neurology and trained to investigate, or diagnose and treat neurological disorders. Neurologists may also be involved in clinical research, clinical trials, and basic or translational research. While neurology is a non-surgical specialty, its corresponding surgical specialty is neurosurgery. Neurologists do not perform surgery. If one of their patients requires surgery, they refer them to a neurosurgeon.


A chronic condition including attention difficulty, hyperactivity, and impulsiveness.

Huntington’s Disease (HD)

An inherited condition in which nerve cells in the brain break down over time.


A headache of varying intensity, often accompanied by nausea and sensitivity to light and sound.

Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS)

A nervous system disease that weakens muscles and impacts physical function.


A progressive disease that destroys memory and other important mental functions.

Brain Tumor

A cancerous or noncancerous mass or growth of abnormal cells in the brain.

Multiple Sclerosis (MS)

A disease in which the immune system eats away at the protective covering of nerves.

Back Pain

A common, painful condition affecting the lower portion of the spine.

Sleep disorders

Changes in sleeping patterns or habits that can negatively affect health.

Bell’s Palsy

Sudden weakness in the muscles on one half of the face.

Myasthenia Gravis

A weakness and rapid fatigue of muscles under voluntary control.


Seizures are symptoms of a brain problem caused by sudden, abnormal electrical activity in the brain.

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

A numbness and tingling in the hand and arm caused by a pinched nerve in the wrist.

Peripheral Neuropathy

Weakness, numbness, and pain from nerve damage, usually in the hands and feet.

Guillain-Barre Syndrome

A condition in which the immune system attacks the nerves.

Parkinson’s Disease

A disorder of the central nervous system that affects movement, often including tremors.


Muscular disease where primary symptom is muscle weakness due to dysfunction of muscle fiber


Damage to the brain from interruption of its blood supply.


A group of thinking and social symptoms that interferes with daily functioning.


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Chronic pain

Persistent pain that lasts weeks to years.

This website is for informational purposes only. Please dial 911 for emergency.

Parkinson's Tempo 3 Study
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